What is and How to Be a Pilot

Posted by Edu4sure team


Have you ever boarded a flight to a place? Some will say Yes, Some will say No. I am pretty sure you all must have seen a plane flying in the sky. We all wanted to travel on a plane sometime.


Well, Do anyone of you dream to be in Aviation Industry? Do you want to become a Pilot? Yes, you want to but couldn’t get the right career guidance even from the career counselling platforms.

The engine is the heart of an airplane, but the pilot is its soul - Walter Raleigh

Worry not, you will get all the information on how to become a pilot in next 10- 15 minutes. Just stay glued to your screens.

What is a Pilot?

Let me first introduce you to the definition of a pilot and what is he expected to do.  The Pilot can be defined as a person who operates the flying controls of an aircraft. Simply put Pilot fly the airplane.

The Pilot works in an aviation industry and who is capable of operating an aircraft in order to carry and transport passengers, goods from one destination to another.

Pilot vo Insaan Hai Jo Humein Hawa Se Baatein Karwata Hai !

Eligibility to become a pilot:

Passed 10 + 2 with subjects English, Maths and Physics

Secured minimum aggregate of 55 % marks in Math and Physics for General Category

Passed 10 +2 in English, Math, and Physics

Secured minimum aggregate of 50 % in Math and Physics for Reserved Category

Must be fluent in English

If you fulfill the eligibility criteria to become a pilot. You can further sit for the entrance exam.

Top colleges to become a Pilot

Madhya Pradesh Flying Club

Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Academy, Uttar Pradesh

Flying Training Institutes, Calcutta

Government Training Institute, Bhubaneswar

Government Flying Club, Lucknow

This is just a few numbers. The list is long. Read more and make a list of all the Institutes offering a course for pilot training.

Entrance Examination

The students who want to become a pilot can fill the online application form on the website of the concerned University

Pay the application fee either online through net banking/ credit card/debit card or through offline mode

Note down the important dates regarding the exam. The entrance test exam date, the interview date etc.

The common entrance test is called PAT (Pilot Aptitude Test ) conducted by all flying schools and a national level entrance test known as WOMBAT Conducted by  Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Academy IGRUA for admission into top flying institutes including IGRUA.

The PAT checks candidates proficiency in English, Math, Physics, Geography and some basics of Air Navigation and Aerodynamics.

WOMBAT consists of:

Online written test.  The Syllabus includes English, Math, Physics, Reasoning and Current Affairs.

If you clear the written test, you will be selected for the interview/ viva round

In interview round, you have to submit the following documents.

Proof of Date of Birth

10th mark sheet

12th mark sheet

Caste certificate for SC/ST/OBC

Certificate from a competent authority that OBC does not belong to creamy layer.

Candidates who clear Interview round are selected for Pilot Aptitude Test/Psychometric Test and successful candidates shall qualify for final selection.

The candidates are required to undergo a Physical Fitness and Medical Test. A sound mind and body are required to become a Pilot. Many students fail in the fitness round. A proper Physique is required and proper functioning of the body organs.

A test of following organs is done

1) Eyesight > Proper eyesight is required because you will be required to fly around even at night.

2) Distance Vision > Your visual acuity must be 6/9 for each eye separately and 6/6 for both together

3) Near Vision >Standard vision required between 30 cm -50 cm and  at 100 cm, with or without correction

4) Color Vision >You are tested for normal color vision. Test is done through Ishihara color plates

5) Eye Function > To test normal vision 

6) Ears >  To test your hearing ability. If you can hear a normal voice in each year separately at 2 meters, it is not a problem.

7) Lung test > To be able to breathe deeply and expel air from lung

8) Haemoglobin Blood Test >To test the oxygen -carrying capacity of the blood. If anemic there is a problem

9) Cholesterol Blood Test >If having cholesterol, it is a problem

10) Urine Test >To test sugar (diabetes).

If a person is able to clear the medical test as prescribed they are issued medical certificates by the Air Force Central Medical Establishments in New Delhi and Institute of Aviation Medical, Bangalore.

General fitness is mandatory, you must be free from any disease that can hamper normal function.

How to choose a career in pilot

The process of becoming a pilot is a complex one and takes several steps to become one and several years too. You need to be 16 years of age to obtain a Student Pilot license and 17 years to obtain a Commercial Pilot license.

There are three kinds of pilot license

Student Pilot License

Private Pilot License

Commercial Pilot License

Obtain these license from the flying Institutes of India. Just a degree is not enough. Practical training is more important. In order to become a professional pilot, you need to gain flying hours. A pilot training requires a minimum of 250 hours of flight experience.  More the flight time and experience the better it is. Join in as a pilot with the airlines and soon as the years passed and you will gain experience in flying. Advance in your career. Pilots are given rankings. 


If you are a  fresh pilot you are entitled to earn a salary around 1.5 lakh per month for domestic airlines. Salaries increases according to experience. A pilot on international route earns a salary of 5-6 lakh per month. Commercial pilots get highest salaries in India.

Pilots work profile includes operating the aircraft and performing different tasks like weather checks, confirming flight plans before operating, pre- flight inspection etc.

They carry the sole responsibility of carrying the passengers and goods safely between the nations. They risk their lives to make you travel.

They are hired by airlines like Air India, Spice Jet etc. They also have careers in the military. Flying jets, bombers, helicopters in combat, rescue or reconnaissance missions.

Becoming a pilot is a privilege as well as a tough job. Lives of millions are in your hands and it is your responsibility to land them safely. Many pilots save a life due to their intelligence in most crucial times and emergencies.

All the best for your future! yes

This is the end of the journey of being a pilot. If you want more career related blogs, get tin touch with Edu4Sure. Edu4Sure is an online career counselling platform where you can read articles related to e-education.





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