What is & How to be a Forensic Scientist

Posted by Edu4sure team


If you are looking to become a forensic scientist or considering it as your career option, I am assuming that you are aware of some of the scientific terms used in this writing. Or if you are just inspired by Dr. Salunkhe from CID wink  then I would suggest you use an online dictionary. 

So let’s begin….

First of all, what is forensic science and what does a forensic scientist do? 

The term forensic science involves forensic (or forensis, in Latin), which means a public discussion or debate.

I didn't invent forensic science and medicine. I just was one of the first people to recognize how interesting it is - Patricia Cornwell.

In a more modern context, however, the forensic applies to the courts and the judicial system. Combining it with forensic science means applying scientific methods and processes to solve the crime. Forensic medicine is the field which comes from a number of scientific branches which consists of chemistry, biology, and physics, with a focus on the identification, and evaluation of physical evidence. It has become an important part of the justice system because it uses a wide range of sciences to obtain information related to criminal and legal evidence.

Forensic science may prove the existence of a crime, the perpetrator of a crime, or a connection to a crime through the:

Forensic scientists conduct the physical and chemical analysis of the evidence obtained at the crime scene by crime scene investigators and law enforcement officials. These scientific experts use microscopic examination techniques, complex instruments, mathematical principles, scientific principles and references to analyze evidence to determine class and individual characteristics. 

Most forensic scientists perform work in the forensic laboratories or morgues but outside laboratory work is also required especially at crime scenes, where they observe the scene and find evidence. Forensic scientists can work at local, state and federal law enforcement agencies as well as government, private laboratories, and hospitals. They may also serve as independent forensic science advisors. Forensic scientists may be divided into three, major groups:

Although forensic science may be a very complex research, especially in the field of DNA and trace evidence, forensic research, for example, is based on the basic concepts and techniques collected from the natural sciences. In particular, forensic research involves a multidisciplinary approach that covers everything from biological methods to analytical chemistry. Most forensic scientists study specific physical sciences, such as chemistry or biology, while others seek rooted in chemical or biological forensic science degrees. Please consult career counselling platforms in this area for proper guidance.

After all this Gyaan, here comes the main point. How to be a Forensic Scientist? Or how to solve cases like Dr. Salunkhe with ACP Pradyuman ;)

First thing first… A professional degree!

There is a need for a degree in chemistry, analytical chemistry or biology. These courses give you a solid grasp of the analytical skills and skills required in the scientific and laboratory and forensic science professions. These courses also keep many other career options open if you change your mind or find it hard to get a job as a forensic scientist after graduation.

Forensic science degree programs are now fairly common, but it is important to check whether the course content fits the type of career you want to pursue - for example, does it include enough time in the laboratory to satisfy future employers?

Next, comes the practical learning. So pursue a Training Program!

After the degree program, one should work as technician or trainee under the guidance of a senior forensic scientist because practical training is very important for any kind of analytical role. Many employers have training programs in place for new graduates, while others have specific probationary periods.

Now you need Expertise!

You should be sure to go for certification in order to achieve professional recognition or access to oversight roles. Professional certification clearly demonstrates the individual's expertise in the field of forensic science, since most certification programs require specific education and experience requirements, and often require a comprehensive examination. Apart from formal degree and training, these personal qualities are also very important.

Analytical Skills

A very good forensic scientist must be highly analytical in character because analyzing and solving complex problems is the central aspect of his / her work. Forensic scientists use scientific methods and evidence tests to provide law enforcement officials with important information about the case. An important aspect of the analysis is that it is oriented to detail and can pick out a small amount of information through critical thinking. The analysis process is what allows a good forensic scientist to determine the evidence and then link it to a suspect or a crime scene.


Forensic scientists must maintain perfect accuracy in their investigations, such as maintaining impeccable records since they have full responsibility for their findings and may need to be reported in court cases. It is also vital in their assessment that they expect to maintain law, and that part of the feature is moral. Good Forensic Scientists have a natural desire to seek and report the whole truth, not the truth. This requires ensuring that all tests and written reports are completed accurately and thoroughly and that their testimony includes all the necessary information.

Good Communication Skills

Good communication skills are one of the main criteria. If they need to explain their findings as expert witnesses in court, they must also be good writers. They need to prepare their findings in detail. One of the crucial features of forensic scientists is effective communication because some portion of their work is the interpretation of very complex scientific information in user-friendly terms that anyone outside the scientific realm can understand.

Last but not the least Emotional Fortitude! It is highly important to maintain your calm and composure.

Forensic scientist should have the ability to manage emotional as well as physical stress. They often investigate violent crimes such as murder, rape, and assault, and may check bloody clothing or view the victim's body or even visit the crime scene. In addition, they often analyze evidence of contamination by blood or other body fluids. These items are often ugly and unpleasant. In any case, forensic scientists must remain calm at all times. An important feature of forensic scientists is the ability to maintain rationality, calmness, and professionalism under conditions of high pressure, high pressure and potential interference. Forensic doctors can not creak, can not let their emotions get better of them, regardless of the distressing crime scene or the evidence.

The Article is contributed by our MBA student, Shaifali Mehta from NMIMS, Mumbai

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Edu4sure Team

Edu4Sure, Digital Literacy is an Educational Blog. Our aim is to spread education. We have conducted more than 500 workshops in different areas like Digital Marketing, MS Excel, Analytics, Soft Skills etc. We need people support to continue our blog in Audio & Video as well so that we can spread education to each person. Kindly write to us if you can support in our aim. Our email: Partner@edu4sure.com

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