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Biotechnology is also a branch of engineering. A recently developed branch. Biotechnology as a subject is now being taught in many schools along with the practical training given in the specialized labs constructed for the purpose. The exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes, the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones is the way biotechnology is defined. Use of any technological application that uses biological systems to make or modify products. This field overlaps with Bioengineering, molecular engineering, biomedical engineering, biomanufacturing. This field has expanded to included diverse and new sciences.
Biotechnology, in general, is using technology in biological research or studies.
It is the exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes. Bioengineering and Bioinformatics are specialized domains of biotechnology. B.Tech and M.Tech students learn about basic principles of biology and engineering. Whereas, in biotechnology, they learn about using technology especially modern devices to create specific conditions for biological experiments. Most of the devices are designed to perform experiments on cells and proteins, therefore biological courses related to cell and proteins are taught extensively. Biotechnology is mainly the use of technology for improving the speed of biological research. This course provides manpower that is aware of the use of latest devices used for biological research, to the pharmaceutical industry.
Students are showing a lot of interest in biotechnology. The main reason behind this interest comes forth from the fact that the technical application of biotechnology touches a variety of disciplines. Thus, it opens a lot of job portals for students who are looking for a stable career in their life. Biotechnology, along with its many sub-fields, finds use in numerous applications. Many Biotech students go abroad for higher studies as there is immense funding these days. One can get education loans easily. Students get good opportunities to work in well-formed labs. Also, they may get opportunities to work for the domestic and international pharma industry. They also get good research opportunities there.
There are various branches of Biotechnology:
♦ Bioinformatics: This field addresses biological problems using computational techniques. This field is also termed as computational biology.
♦ Blue biotechnology: This term describes marine and aquatic applications of biotechnology, but is rare in use
♦ Green biotechnology: This biotechnology is applied to agricultural processes. It involves work like selection and domestication of plants via micropropation is one such example.
♦ Red Biotechnology: Is applied to medical processes. Example: designing of organisms to produce antibiotics.
♦ White biotechnology: It is known by the name of industrial biotechnology also. Is applied to industrial processes. Example; using of enzymes as industrial catalyst to either produce or destroy chemicals.
♦ Biotechnology also finds application in modern medicine in areas such as pharmaceutical drug discovery and production, genetic testing and a lot more options.
Since biotechnology is redefining the boundaries of science, to become a part of such an innovative field you must possess an attitude of originality and imagination. Other skills that will sail you through a successful and a fulfilling career in this path-breaking area are determination, patience, analytical excellence, ability to work for long hours, team spirit and communication skills.
Core companies hiring Biotech Engineers are:
Ranbaxy, Dr. Reddy labs, Cipla and GlaxoSmithKline are a few to name. Many Governments funded research organizations and CSIR labs also hire biotech engineers.
PhD students may usually get around Rs. 80K per month and those who get into research after PhD(postdoctoral scholar) get around Rs. 1.6 lakhs a month. However, their average yearly salary is around Rs. 3.5 lakhs.
Institutes offering Biotechnology:
1. Almost all IITs and NITs offer courses in Biotechnology
2.Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Trivandrum
3.School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad
4.Institute of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai
These were just a few to be named. Many colleges offer this course now because of its increasing scope in India as well as abroad. Many students have started opting for this course and type of engineering. A future with suitable salary is promised after doing this study. Another alternative line of career in engineering to choose by the students. Do opt for this field as it has application in various other fields that gives you variety to choose according to your interest.