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The education system in India covers Primary (lower primary levels Standard I to V )and upper primary level (Standard VI to VIII). Primary education is compulsory in India. The status quo of education in India can be determined from the facts and statics about Education in India.
♦ Literacy Ratio which means how many people are literate ie, educated, well read and at least can write their names is 65.38 % with male literacy at 75.85% and female literacy at 54.16 %.
♦ Out of 193 million children in the age group 6 to 14 years, 8 and 1 million children are out of school as of September 2004 as per Government statics.
Facts reflecting the state of Education System In India
♦ Less than half of India’s children falling in the age group of 6 to 14 go to school
♦ At least 35 million children aged 6-14 years do not attend school
♦ 53 % of girls in the age group of 5 to 9 years are illiterate.
♦ In India, only 53% of habitation has primary schools.
♦ In India, only 20 % of habitation has secondary school
♦ High cost of private education and they require more hands to work to support their family is the reason for dropout
The above few facts about the education system reflect the sad picture of education in India. The constant stress that Education is the birth right of every child we have not been able to fulfill this promise. Despite being their birthright they are not able to enjoy this basic right. The situation has improved in the last few years but still not satisfactory.
Education in urban areas is better as compared to education in rural areas. The number of schools, facilities, student –teacher ratio is finest in the urban education system. The increased awareness and available facilities, the standard has led to urban children getting access to education. The only glitch in the urban education system is the rising fees of private schools, donations. The state government has taken steps to control the rising fees and have been successful in their operation. Rural education system faces problems like lack of proper school, infrastructure, adequate qualified teachers. These are the basic problems that persist and needs immediate action for quality and better education system. Rural population makes half of India’s population and if half of India’s population is uneducated where is the future heading. Rural people need strong reasons to send their children to school. Education is the last thing on their list as feeding their body is the top priority.
These problems, deficit are like black clouds not only on India’s education system but also on the future of India. A country whose education is not strong can never progress. It will economically remain backward and development rates are slow of the country.
Our education system needs urgent improvement in areas:
♦ Firstly government needs to take steps to improve education in the rural areas. Build proper schools with basic amenities like toilets for girls and boys.
♦ Secondly, make arrangements for qualified teachers that are dedicated to teaching.
♦ Aware the people of rural areas about the importance of education and they need to send children to schools for better future and progress.
♦ The status of government schools in urban areas is not good as well. The lack of teachers and the current hired one not performing their duty well. As they know they will be getting their salaries. This is the reason that they do not teach properly.
♦ People do not want to send their students to government schools as the quality of education is nil.
♦ The private schools are extremely expensive. It has become a business. Parents are not left with any option. They cannot send their students to government schools and pay private school fees are such a big task.
♦ Although the quality of education in private schools are the best that a child can get. It too has drawbacks. Teachers stress upon to pass the test. Passing the test makes a child bookworm and not intelligent. Intelligence what is needed rather than just passing the test.
♦ Schools should aim at developing the skills of children. Try to make students more innovative, creative and not the ones who mug up everything and vomit and pass the test. They make no contributions to the country nor they grow in their careers.
♦ Teachers all over the country should undergo training so that there is uniformity in teaching across various regions and they understand their role in educating.
♦ The implementation of schemes s such as mid-day meal. Schemes for various underprivileged students should be implemented in a better way without loopholes and the benefits should be granted to each and everyone who deserves it.
These are some of the core areas which require improvement and timely action. In addition to improvement can be done in education at each step. The introduction of smart classes, Making sports compulsory for students, teaching the parents, teaching health education in schools. Every country tries to improve the education of their country and we are improving and bettering ourselves. Why not achieve another milestone by making some improvements in Education sector.