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Mechanical engineering is a big field in engineering known for its wide scale application. It is used in manufacturing plants, robots, heating and cooling systems, aircraft, vehicles, ships, and even in medical devices. Students in this course are taught certain engineering methods, mathematics, physics, engineering design, and chemistry. They are taught subjects like kinematics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, materials science, etc.
Mechanical Engineering students will have the knowledge of the engineering concepts taught to them during the course and will be using them in the industry. Mechanical Engineering has good prospects in an industry as well as in higher studies. Mechanical engineers research, develop, build, test mechanical and thermal devices, sensors and tools, engines, machines.
People generally have a myth that Mechanical Engineers are always the ones who work in various workshops with a small payscale. In reality, there is a lot of office work because of the vast application of computers in mechanical engineering. All creating and manufacturing process is automated and computerized. Hence, the job profile for a mechanical engineer is almost similar as that of a computer engineer.
Duties performed by Mechanical Engineers:
♦ Analysis of problems to figure how mechanical and thermal devices solve a particular problem
♦ Designing and re-designing of mechanical and thermal devices using computer-aided systems (CAD)
♦ Examine and analyze the results and change the design as per the needs
♦ Oversee the manufacturing process for the device
They basically design and look after the manufacture of mechanical devices to new batteries. They know the art of designing power- producing machines like generators, steam and gas turbines, your home appliances refrigerator, air conditioners and other appliances of similar category. They also design machines such as Elevators, Escalators inside big buildings. The use of computer systems by mechanical engineers not only make work easy and faster. It helps them to analyze, test how the machine is going to interact with the environment, connected systems, creating specifications for parts.
The number of job opportunities is immense for a mechanical engineer. 2014 data reveals 277, 500 jobs held by mechanical engineers. The industry that employs most mechanical engineers are as follow:
♦ Engineering services 19%
♦ Machinery Manufacturing 15%
♦ Computer and Electronic product manufacturing 7 %
♦ Research and development in the physical, engineering and life sciences 6 %
♦ Aerospace product and parts manufacturing 6 %
Core Companies: Companies offering jobs to Mechanical Engineers are ISRO, DRDO, Indian Railway, ABB, General Motors, Reliance Power Ltd, Asoka Leyland, Mahindra and Mahindra, TATA Motors, etc. These companies have a job for mechanical engineers and hire them. Chances are they might be visiting your institutes for campus placements and pick you up from the crowd and offer you a job while you are still in the last semester.Institutes with active placement cell attract large companies to hire students in the last leg of their college.
Mechanical engineering is more of a practical subject than the theoretical knowledge. It emphasizes internships and co-ops to prepare students to work in an industry. More the practical knowledge better the student at work. Some universities also offer a 5-year program for mechanical engineering. It is a combination of both and allows you to obtain Bachelors and Master degree. Students gain valuable experience side by side.
Qualities of a Mechanical Engineer
♦ Listening skills: Mechanical engineers are involved in designing and building of equipments and machinery. This requires creativity as complex systems are to be designed
♦ Listening skills: Mechanical engineers work on projects with other professionals such as computer scientists, architecture. So listen to them and work in accordance with everyone
♦ Math skills: Mechanical engineers use principles of maths, calculus, statics and advanced subjects in maths.
♦ Mechanical Skills: Engineering and mechanical skills are required to design new systems
♦ Problem solving skills: They require problem solving skills to take scientific discoveries and use them in designing of products
Almost every top university offers mechanical engineering courses. Lot of research is going on in the specialized fields of Mechanical Engineering. Thus, lot of PhD’s are required for the same. Also, there is a lot of scope for students studying research abroad. Mechanical engineering is a good career option for aspiring engineers in India and abroad.